Joint Research Centre of the Commission launches report on national strategies for Artificial Intelligence!
The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC) recently published a new report titled “National strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European perspective,” overarching five main policy areas: human capital, from the lab to the market, networking, regulation, and infrastructure. The report presents an updated review of national AI strategies from the EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland.
By June 2021, 20 Member States and Norway had published their national AI strategies, while 7 Member States were in the final drafting phase. It is worthwhile to note that all of them include the use of AI in healthcare. Moreover, many national legislative frameworks for AI technologies include ambitious R&D programmes and calls for proposals. An important part of these initiatives are efforts to tackle the current COVID-19 pandemic via targeted R&D programmes and investment funds. The report points out the positive outcomes of hackathons organised in several countries to fight the pandemic.
The COVID-19 crisis has acted as a boost for AI adoption and data sharing and created new opportunities for society and the economy. The Commission’s funding instrument the Recovery and Resilience Facility, in which 20% of the funding is earmarked for digital including AI, highlights the importance of green and digital transitions for Europe’s recovery.
When it comes to healthcare, the report highlights the important role AI plays in healthcare, as it improves access to healthcare (for instance through virtual assistants and chatbots) and brings more precise diagnosis and prevention of diseases through innovative solutions such as machine-learning. This is showcased by a Danish example of a project on machine-learning models based on Danish registry data: the objective of this project is to identify cancer patients who are at high risk of having a surgically complicated course of treatment.